Mini-workshop on Protein Biophysics:
Interplay between Experiments and Theories

Mini-workshop on Protein Biophysics: 
Interplay between Experiments and Theories

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Updated 05 Dec 2017

This notice is to inform you of an upcoming workshop. All students and researchers of The Graduate School and Faculty of Science are welcomed to attend. No registration is required.

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Date/Time Mon 18 Dec 2017, 14:00
Venue Graduate School of Science Bldg. No. 1 (Kyoto U, North Campus) 1st Floor, Room #106
Lecture Titles
  1. Protein biophysics in living cells
    by Prof. Gary J. Pielak (University of North Carolina)
  2. Atomistic simulations ofmacromolecular crowding effects
    by Dr. Yuji Sugita (Riken)
  3. Tardigrade proteins & desiccation tolerance
    by Prof. Gary J. Pielak (University of North Carolina)
  4. Structure of APP-C99 1-99 and Implications for its Role in Amyloidogenesis
    by Mr. George Pantelopulos (Boston University)
Registration Not required
Language English
Host Dept Biophysics, Div Biology, Grad School Science, Kyoto University
Contact Shoji Takada
075-753-4220

Professor Gary J. Pielak

University of North Carolina

 

Title: Protein biophysics in living cells

Abstract

In the last six years, innovative methods have been developed to monitor protein stability in living cells and under physiologically-relevant conditions in vitro. Through this work, we now know that protein stability is not the same in cells as it is in buffer, that efforts to understand the cytoplasm are not advanced by using synthetic polymers as crowders, and that the effects of cellular environments on protein stability are not predicted by classic crowding theory. Furthermore, recent efforts are leading to similar conclusions about the stability of protein complexes under crowded conditions.

 

Decades-old theories predict a large role for hard-core repulsions between the crowded cellular environment in cells and a test protein. The most important knowledge gained from efforts to understand protein biophysics in cells implicates chemical interactions involving protein exteriors. These chemical interactions are absent in buffer. Attractive interactions between cytoplasmic components and the surface of both the folded state and the unfolded ensemble of a test protein affect stability. This information had been overlooked, because in dilute buffer the surface of biological macromolecules is surrounded only by water and small amounts of buffer and salt. In cells, however, these surfaces are surrounded by proteins, nucleic acids, metabolites, salt and water.

 

This new information is being used to model how proteins function in cells, and drive practical efforts to improve downstream applications such as pharmaceutical development, design and formulation. In summary, we now know that the current model of crowding effects overvalues hard-core repulsions, but undervalues the role of chemical interactions.